20171219

Past Perfect Tense (Bahasa)



Had + V3 (Past Participle)

Past Perfect digunakan untuk mengatakan sesuatu yang selesai dilakukan sebelum sesuatu yang lain
atau waktu di masa lampau:
-     Sarah and Jane had been asleep when their parents came home.
-     By the time the manager arrived, we had finished the monthly reports.
-     When I arrived at the party last night, Jane had already gone home. (Pesta dilakukan tadi malam (last night). Saya datang ke pesta tadi malam (menggunakan verb2arrived’. Tapi sebelum saya datang Jane sudah pulang (had + V3gone’))


Bandingkan penggunaan Past Perfect (Had + V3) dan Past Simple (V2):

PAST PERFECT
(Sebelum sesuatu terjadi di masa lampau, sesuatu yang lain terjadi terlebih dahulu)
PAST SIMPLE
(Hanya menceritakan sesuatu terjadi di masa lampau)
When I arrived at the party, Jane had already gone home
When I arrived at the party, Jane was still there but she went home soon afterwards
Sarah had just finished preparing the dinner when I phoned
Sarah didn’t answer my call. She was busy preparing the dinner
My parents had already slept by the time I got home
I was so tired last night. So, I went to bed earlier



Jika memakai kata Before atau After, maka boleh menggunakan Past Perfect maupun Past Simple:

PAST PERFECT
PAST SIMPLE
My parents had slept before I got home
My parents slept before I got home
After I had finished my report, I went to bed
After I finished my report, I went to bed
Penggunaan kata Before dan After membuat relasi waktu menjadi jelas, sehingga penggunaan Past Simple saja sudah mencukupi. (penggunaan kedua tenses tersebut sama benarnya dan tidak merubah arti)

  

 Bandingkan penggunaan  Present Perfect dan Past Perfect: 

PRESENT PERFECT
PAST PERFECT
I am so tired. I have worked hard
I was so tired yesterday. I had worked hard
I have cleaned the kitchen. My mother is happy with that
I had cleaned the kitchen. My mother was happy with that
Sarah is hungry. She hasn’t had breakfast
Sarah was hungry. She hadn’t had breakfast












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