20171215

Past Simple / Simple Past Tense (Bahasa)



Struktur utama dari kalimat Simple Past Tense adalah menggunakan Verb bentuk lampau (V2)

Past Simple/Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk membicarakan sesuatu yang terjadi di masa lampau.
Kalimat Verbal menggunakan verb bentuk lampau (V2):
-     I came to Andrew’s party last night
-     Kevin went to Canada last month
-     You did your job well
-     Sarah and I attended the monthly meeting with the manager yesterday
-     They had tuna sandwich for breakfast this morning
      * Last night, last year, yesterday, this morning, two days ago etc. adalah kata keterangan waktu lampau (past)
           
Kalimat nonverbal menggunakan be bentuk past (Was/Were)
-     The students were happy because the teacher was late
-     I was the last person who submitted the reportMy bag was on the table but it has gone now
-     We were so tired

Bentuk past dari regular verb adalah V1 diberi akhiran –ed, sedangkan untuk irregular verb bentuknya berubah-ubah

REGULAR VERB
IRREGULAR VERB
Present (V1)
Past (V2)
Present (V1)
Past (V2)
Walk
Walked
Write
Wrote
Join
Joined
See
Saw
Invite
Invited
Go
Went
Stop
Stopped
Shut
Shut
Pass
Passed
Run
Ran
            *Selengkapnya lihat  Verb List

Untuk membuat kalimat negatif dan interrogative digunakan Auxiliary did + infinitive untuk kalimat verbal; dan menggunakan be was/were untuk kalimat nonverbal
-     Did you attend Sarah’s birthday party last night?
-     We went to Sarah’s party but we didn’t enjoy the party
-     What did you do to your hair? It looks worse
      * Attend di kalimat pertama, Enjoy di kalimat kedua dan Do di kalimat ketiga adalah infinitive
      * Infinitive adalah kata kerja bentuk dasar (base form of a verb) yaitu kata kerja yang belum mendapatkan imbuhan ‘s’ ataupun perubahan dalam bentuk apapun

-     I regret going to the party. The food wasn’t good
-     My parents were not happy with the result of my exam
-     Were you busy last night? You didn’t answer my call
-     How was the movie? Was it exciting?




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