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Present Simple


The main characteristic of Present Simple is using V1 / Present Verb
 
Present Simple or some call it Simple Present Tense used to say about Habitual Action (talking about our daily activity, routin, how often we do things):
-      I get up at 4 o’clock every morning
-      Andrew usually drinks coffee in the morning
-      My father always has a cup of coffee for breakfast
-      We play tennis once a week     
      * get, drinks, has, play in above sentences are V1 (Present Verb)

The adverb of time every morning, every day, usually, often, sometimes, once a week, twice a week’ show how often we do our activity (habitual action


Present Simple also used to say  General Statement of fact (something true in general, happens repeatedly, something true in the past, now and will still be true in the future)
-      Teachers teach students in school
-      The sun rises in the morning
-      Rice grows well in hot climates
-      It rains a lot in wet season (It is a general fact that in wet season, rain happens a lot)


Sentence that used third singular subject (He/She/It) we give an 's' after the verb (V1 + S)
-    Andrew usually drinks coffee in the morning
-    Rice grows well in hot climates
-    It rains a lot in wet season
-    Miss Jane teaches English in Stanford University


 Nonverbal sentence uses present form of be  (Is/Am/Are)
-    The sky is high
-    This is my book
-    These oranges are sweet
-     My parents are kind hearted people
-     I am a student of Cambridge University
      * Nonverbal sentence is a sentence which doesn't have a verb as predicate 


We use auxiliary do/does to make interrogative and negative sentence in verbal sentence  (sentence which has a verb as predicate). While in nonverbal sentence we use be is/am/are 


Subject
Auxiliary
Be
I
Do
Am
You/They/We
Are
He/She/It
Does
Is


-     I like red. What colour do you like?
-     In winter Andrew doesn’t play football very often
      * Like and Play are verbs. That's why we use auxiliary (do / does) to make an interrogative or negative sentence.  
-          Why are you so happy today?
-          I am not a student of this school.
       * Happy dan Student are not verbs, so we use be (are and am) to make an interrogative or negative sentence