20180121

Modal 'MAY & MIGHT' (Bahasa)



MAY and MIGHT

           
May dan Might digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kemungkinan. Mungkin benar, mungkin juga salah:
-   A:  Where is Jane?
    B:  She may be in her office. (Dia mungkin ada di kantornya)
-   She might be in her office.    
-   She may be having lunch. (Dia mungkin sedang makan siang)
-   She might be having lunch.
-   Ask Kevin. He may know (Mungkin Kevin tau)
-   Ask Kevin. He might know.


*  Bentuk negative dari May dan Might adalah May Not dan Might Not:
-   I’m not sure if Jane is still in her office. She may not be there now
-   I’m not sure if Jane is still in her office. She might not be there now

*  Bentuk lampau (Past) dari May dan Might adalah May Have dan Might Have:
-   Jason was not in his office when I came. He may have had lunch.
-   I met Jane in the mall but she didn’t say hello. She might not have seen me.
-   I wonder why Kevin didn’t come to the party. He may not have been invited.
-   Sarah can’t find her bag anywhere. She might have left it in the shop.

*  Terkadang Could juga mempunyai fungsi yang sama dengan May dan Might
-   Someone is knocking the door. It might be Kevin.
-   Someone is knocking the door. It could be Kevin.
-   A:  Where is Jane?
    B:  She may be in her office
-   She could be in her office

Couldn’t berbeda dengan May Not dan Might Not
-   No wonder Sarah didn’t say hello. She was too far away, She couldn’t have seen you.
Karena jarak yang terlalu jauh, Sarah tidak bisa melihatmu. Menggunakan Couldn’t Have.

-   I wonder why she didn’t say hello. She might not have seen me.
Mungkin dia tidak melihatku, tapi mungkin juga dia melihatku tapi memang tidak mau menyapa.
Untuk menyatakan kemungkinan seperti ini menggunakan May not/Might Not.


*  May dan Might juga bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kemungkinan di masa yang akan datang (Future):
-   We haven’t decided yet where to go for holiday next month. We may go to Britain.
-   I’m not sure what car I’m going to buy. I might buy Mitsubishi.


*  May dan Might mempunyai arti dan fungsi yang sama. Kecuali untuk situasi yang tidak nyata, kita hanya menggunakan Might:
-   She is beautiful. If I knew her better I might ask her to marry me.
-   If Sarah invited me, I might come to her party.
Situasi yang sebenarnya, Sarah tidak mengundangku.


May As Well and Might As Well
May As Well and Might As Well digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa sebaiknya kita melakukan sesuatu karena tidak ada yang lebih baik untuk dilakukan dan tidak ada alas an untuk tidak melakukannya:
-   I have a free ticket for a concert. I’m not very keen on the concert. But I may as well go to the concert. It’s a pity to waste a free ticket.
-   I’m in a café with Sarah. We have finished our drinks. It’s a nice café and we have nothing to do. So I tell her that we might as well have another drink.
-   A:  We have just missed the bus. We have to wait an hour for the next bus. What shall we do? Shall we walk?
    B:  We might as well. It’s a nice day and I don’t want to wait here for an hour.



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