20180101

Past Future Tense (Bahasa)



WOULD

Past Future digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu aktifitas/kejadian yang akan terjadi di masa lalu (past). Penggunaanya sama dengan Present Future (WILL/BE GOING TO), hanya saja yang dibicarakan ada di masa lalu.

Perhatikan perbedaan PresentFuture Vs Past Future:

PRESENT FUTURE
PAST FUTURE
Jason will cook the dinner
I knew Jason would cook the dinner
I’m quite sure that Jane is going to come to the party
I told you Jane was going to come to the party
We are going to go to the movie tonight
We were going to go the movie last night but it rained heavily

WOULD vs BE GOING TO (bentuk past)
Untuk menyatakan perkiraan (prediction) kita bisa menggunakan dua-duanya baik would ataupun be going to
a.       When I looked at the cloud I knew it would rain soon
b.      When I looked at the cloud I knew it was going to rain soon
c.       I was quite sure they would help you
d.      I was quite sure they were going to help you


Untuk menyatakan keinginan (willingness) kita menggunakan would. Kita memutuskan untuk melakukan sesuatu pada saat berbicara, tidak ada rencana sebelumnya
a.       He said that he would buy some snacks.
b.      When Andrew asked me to go out last night, I would say yes but I remember that I hadn’t done my homework.
c.       I would text you asking about the homework when you phoned me.


Untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang sudah direncanakan sebelumnya kita menggunakan be going to
a.       John and I had decided to leave the school. We were going to get a job.
b.      Sarah bought a new blazer. She said she was going to have a job interview.
c.       I was going to buy a dictionary before my mother told me that she already bought me one.

Bentuk negative nya adalah:
WOULD + NOT  /  BE + NOT + GOING TO

-     He said that he would not buy some snacks.
-     When Andrew asked me to go out last night, I wouldn’t say yes.
-     I wouldn’t text you asking about the homework. Because I already knew.
-     John and I had decided to leave the school. We were not going to continue our study.
-     Sarah had a nice blazer. She said she was not going to buy a new one.


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